USA kids' doodles of scientists reveal changing gender stereotypes

Ask a child to draw a scientist, and she's more likely than ever to draw a woman.

Researchers at Northwestern University in the USA examined the results of 78 studies, which together involved more than 20,000 United States children. When they got to elementary and middle school, they began drawing significantly more male scientists, which reflects "a developmental shift that we think likely reflects children's greater exposure to male scientists as they age", Miller said. That's according to a new study in Child Development. Between 1966 and 1977, the paper says, less than 1 percent of USA kids chose to draw a female scientist when prompted to draw a scientist.

"Draw-A-Scientist" literature is based on what children produce when they are asked to create an illustration of their idea of a scientist.

The study also found that children did not draw significantly more male than female scientists until ages 7-8; in kindergarten, they drew approximately equal percentages of male and female scientists.

In conducting their meta-analysis of USA children's gender-science stereotypes linking science with men, the researchers hypothesized that these stereotypes would weaken over time as women's representation in science grew stronger and media increasingly depicted females as scientists.

'This change suggests that children's stereotypes linking science with men have weakened over time.consistent with more women becoming scientists and children's media depicting more female scientists on television shows, magazines and other media, ' the new analysis said.

Additionally, just 26 percent of women who have STEM degrees hold STEM jobs, while the corresponding figure for men is 40 percent.

Dr Miller said: "Given this change in stereotypes, girls in recent years might now develop interests in science more freely than before. Have children's stereotypes changed along with them?" says David Miller, a doctoral candidate in psychology at Northwestern University and one of the study's authors. "What's important to consider is making sure those stereotypes don't unfairly limit girls' interest in science - that girls who are really interested in science can pursue it". The studies included more than 20,000 children in kindergarten through 12th grade. They say it is vital to carry on showing children examples of scientists of both genders.

Related News:

Most liked

(PG) Valuation Declined While Wafra Investment Advisory Group Increased Stake; Proxima
The company reported $1.19 earnings per share for the quarter, beating the Thomson Reuters' consensus estimate of $1.14 by $0.05. Donald Yacktman decreased its stake in Procter & Gamble (PG) by 0.38% based on its latest 2017Q3 regulatory filing with the SEC.

Ups And 5 Downs From Last Night's WWE Raw (March 19)
Bliss told Angle she wanted Jax arrested, but Angle refused and said that he's had enough of arresting people for the night. But, Alexa Bliss unintentionally put an end to the friendship when her conversation with Mickie James was caught on camera.

Maryland High School Placed on Lockdown Following Shooting
A U.S. high school was put on lockdown today after a gunman opened fire at the start of lessons today. A high school in Maryland has been placed on lock down after a shooting was reported at the campus.

Lenovo K5, K5 Play launched: Prices, specifications and features
On the battery front, both of them come loaded with a 3000mAh battery and run on Android 8.0 Oreo, which is based on ZUI 3.7. It is powered by a MediaTek MT6750 SoC clubbed with 3GB/4GB RAM and 16GB/32GB/64GB storage, depending on the variant.

SCHOOL SHOOTING | School on lockdown in Maryland after event
The shooting broke out at Great Mills High School in Great Mills, Maryland, according to WRC, an NBC's Washington, D.C., station. Special Agents from Baltimore's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives are also assisting with the investigation.

Stem cell treatment helps patients regain sight in groundbreaking trial
It now affects more than 600,000 people in the United Kingdom , and numbers are expected to rise with an ageing population. Mr Waters, who is 86, developed severe wet AMD in July 2015 and received the treatment 3 months later in his right eye.

Shaw reviewing his options after more Mourinho criticism
Home-grown younger players such as Marcus Rashford and Scott McTominay are part of Mourinho's long-term plans at Old Trafford. The public criticism that followed was the latest the defender has had to wear.

Russians re-elect Putin to fourth term by wide margin
Russian President Vladimir Putin addresses the nation ahead of the presidential election slated for March 18. The United States and Britain, last month, blamed Russian military for that attack.

Supreme Court takes up challenge by pregnancy centers
Crisis pregnancy centers are non-profit facilities usually owned and operated by people with religious objections to abortion. The notices must give the telephone number of the county social services office so that patients can obtain more information.

'American Idol' Hangs Tough in Second Sunday Outing
The bow of Neil Patrick Harris-fronted quiz show " Genius Junior " weighed in at 9 p.m. with 5.1 million and 1.0/3 share in 18-49. ABC also struggled to hang on to the " Idol " lead-in with drama " Deception " falling to 4.2 million viewers and 0.9 in 18-49.

Carcass of unusual sea creature washes up on Georgia beach
The carcass of a dead sea creature which recently washed up on a Georgia beach is drawing parallels to the Loch Ness Monster. After looking at the pictures on social media, one user wrote: "I knew The Loch Ness Monster was real".

Securities Analyst Recommendations: Itau Unibanco Holding SA (ITUB), Olin Corporation (OLN)
Barclays Capital upgraded Itaú Unibanco Holding S.A. (NYSE: ITUB ) on Wednesday, April 27 to "Overweight" rating. A price target is the projected price level of a financial security stated by an investment analyst or advisor.

Synergy Pharmaceuticals' (NASDAQ:SGYP) Hold Rating Reiterated at Oppenheimer
Analysts are also projecting an Average Revenue Estimate for Synergy Pharmaceuticals, Inc .as $11450 in the Current Quarter. Its down 0.68, from 1.9 in 2017Q2. (NASDAQ: SGYP ) for 100,000 shares. 21 funds opened positions while 53 raised stakes.

Windies beat Zimbabwe to set-up victor takes all match against Scotland
Zimbabwe are now second in the table with five points, the same with Scotland who also still fancy their chances. But Rovman Powell settled it in the penultimate over with a massive six off left-arm spinner Sean Williams.

What Are Analysts Opinions On Intel Corporation
Finally, BidaskClub cut shares of Intel from a "strong-buy" rating to a "buy" rating in a report on Wednesday, December 27th. Citigroup Inc has invested 0.01% in Teradata Corporation (NYSE:TDC). 159,326 are owned by Bowling Port Mgmt Ltd Liability.