Alcohol and tobacco are the "biggest threat" among addictive drugs

A new review examining the most up-to-date statistics on substance abuse found that alcohol and tobacco actually pose the biggest threat to human welfare out of all addictive drugs

Its first author is Amy Peacock, who works with the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, as well as with the School of Medicine at the University of Tasmania in Hobart, which is also in Australia. Their findings were based on combined information from World Health Organization, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. Researchers have discovered that smoking cigarettes and consuming alcohol takes away more years of off a person's life then using any illegal substance.

These are the reasons why the team chose to publicize an up-to-date collection of available statistics - as complete as possible - about the issue of substance use and abuse, and its economic and medical burden around the world.

Nowhere is the loss greater than in Europe, according to the review published today by the journal Addiction.

The study, despite its limitations, emphasizes the risks of alcohol and tobacco use which present the biggest threat to health and wellbeing worldwide.

There's a measurement called "attributable disability-adjusted life years" (DALYS) - And the highest dalys were for tobacco (170.9 million life years), followed by alcohol (85.0 million).

No less worryingly, illicit drug consumption has caused individuals around the globe to claim 27.8 million disability-adjusted life-years.

"European regions had the highest prevalence of heavy episodic alcohol use and daily tobacco use", writes the worldwide team of authors.

Also, an estimated 15.2 percent of adults smoke on a daily basis. Her goal is to contribute to a valuable, trustworthy, and informative experience for people who are searching for health information online.

The research compiles the best, most up-to-date source of information on alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use and the burden of death and disease in 2015.

Results further show only 3.8 per cent of people have used cannabis, 0.37 per cent amphetamines and 0.35 per cent opioids in the past 12 months. Fewer than one in twenty people were estimated to use cannabis in the past year, and much lower estimates were observed for amphetamines, opioids and cocaine.

In central Europe, for example, the researchers found that people consume 11.61 liters of alcohol per capita and 23.7 percent of the population reported tobacco use.

Some countries and regions (Africa, Caribbean and Latin America, Asia regions) have little or no data on substance use and associated health burden.

The team notes there are key limitations to the data, particularly for illicit drugs, but believe that assembling this information in one place will help governments and worldwide agencies form policies to combat substance use.

Related News:

Most liked

Theresa May Splits Cabinet To Seek Brexit Solution
May's officials are looking to find a way through this deadlock, and the Prime Minister has set up two working groups to examine possible improvements to May's hybrid partnership proposals.

Jets ready for quicker series with Vegas after 7-game grind
Think about that, an NHL GM instead refused to try improving their roster because they wanted to be nice to another GM. The Winnipeg Jets defeated Nashville last night to advance to the Western Conference Finals (WCF).

Dena Bank net loss widens to Rs 1225 cr
Its interest income was down at Rs 2,067.38 crore, as against Rs 2,297.11 crore. He is heading the manufacturing operations of the company's cement business.

Israel calls upon Assad to 'get rid' of Iranian forces
Russian Federation last month hinted it would supply the weapons to Bashar al-Assad, over Israeli objections, after Western military strikes on Syria.

Iran, Israel tensions hit new high
The two leaders met in Aachen, Germany, at a ceremony where Mr Macron was awarded a prize for his contributions to European unity. Explosions were heard in the capital Damascus before dawn and air defence systems were heard throughout the night.

John Abraham: 'Parmanu' is not anti
Directed by Abhishek Sharma , Parmanu is all set to release across the globe on May 25. It was clarified later that he was joking. It is about an individual relationship.

Dozens of protesters speak against President Trump's Elkhart visit
Trey Hollingsworth in the 9th District - have been absent from the districts and are clueless about what their constituents need. But their best-case scenario has always been candidates who get the Trump base excited without alienating more centrist voters.

This is what lava damage from Hawaii's Kilauea volcano looks like
Geologists expect the hard-hit Leilani Estates area in the southeastern Puna district to be victim of more lava outbreaks. Gas emitted during steam-drive explosions will be mainly steam, but will include some sulfur dioxide (SO2) as well.

Even More Cancellations, Quantico Gets Canceled By ABC After Three Seasons
Meanwhile Kiefer's show will end following the screening of the final episode of the second season next week. This season of " Quantico " has been the lowest out of the three broadcast.

Vivo X21 India launch date: Invite hints at May 29 event
Vivo is not launching the regular X21 and there's a slight possibility that it may sell the X21 UD in India as simply the X21. Vivo X21 UD will be in direct competition with Honor 10 and OnePlus 6 once launched in the Indian market.

Desperate Delhi take on high-flying Hyderabad
The bowlers clearly looked in their elements with Rashid Khan being the pick of the bowlers against Delhi Daredevils . It, however, didn't prove to be well enough to restrict the table toppers SRH to reach the playoffs.

Rockets have edge? 'Our guys have rings,' Warriors coach Steve Kerr says
Golden State seemed to answer any questions about their ability to get back to the finals in the second round, as well . The dynamic duo of Houston's James Harden and Chris Paul rivals any in the league and that includes Curry and Durant.

Tim: No rift with Warner
According to Paine, the players can not afford to go overboard again. "There's going to be times where it does get heated". "Within our team he's someone with that energy and that competitiveness who we love playing with".

Attackers can use audio frequencies beyond human hearing to exploit smart speakers
Apple points out that HomePod can't do things like open doors, while iPhones have to be unlocked to execute certain Siri commands. Researchers used the loophole to embed this command into a four-second clip from Verdi's Requiem in music files.

Fancy cakes at Sonam Kapoor's wedding
While mehendi , sangeet and the wedding day were a family affair, the reception was a star-studded evening. It stars Kareena Kapoor, Swara Bhaskar and Shikha Talsania in the lead besides Sonam.