Alcohol and tobacco are the "biggest threat" among addictive drugs

These Everyday'Drugs Cause More Harm Than the Illegal Ones Study Says

Its first author is Amy Peacock, who works with the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, as well as with the School of Medicine at the University of Tasmania in Hobart, which is also in Australia. Their findings were based on combined information from World Health Organization, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. Researchers have discovered that smoking cigarettes and consuming alcohol takes away more years of off a person's life then using any illegal substance.

These are the reasons why the team chose to publicize an up-to-date collection of available statistics - as complete as possible - about the issue of substance use and abuse, and its economic and medical burden around the world.

Nowhere is the loss greater than in Europe, according to the review published today by the journal Addiction.

The study, despite its limitations, emphasizes the risks of alcohol and tobacco use which present the biggest threat to health and wellbeing worldwide.

There's a measurement called "attributable disability-adjusted life years" (DALYS) - And the highest dalys were for tobacco (170.9 million life years), followed by alcohol (85.0 million).

No less worryingly, illicit drug consumption has caused individuals around the globe to claim 27.8 million disability-adjusted life-years.

"European regions had the highest prevalence of heavy episodic alcohol use and daily tobacco use", writes the worldwide team of authors.

Also, an estimated 15.2 percent of adults smoke on a daily basis. Her goal is to contribute to a valuable, trustworthy, and informative experience for people who are searching for health information online.

The research compiles the best, most up-to-date source of information on alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use and the burden of death and disease in 2015.

Results further show only 3.8 per cent of people have used cannabis, 0.37 per cent amphetamines and 0.35 per cent opioids in the past 12 months. Fewer than one in twenty people were estimated to use cannabis in the past year, and much lower estimates were observed for amphetamines, opioids and cocaine.

In central Europe, for example, the researchers found that people consume 11.61 liters of alcohol per capita and 23.7 percent of the population reported tobacco use.

Some countries and regions (Africa, Caribbean and Latin America, Asia regions) have little or no data on substance use and associated health burden.

The team notes there are key limitations to the data, particularly for illicit drugs, but believe that assembling this information in one place will help governments and worldwide agencies form policies to combat substance use.

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