Neutron star found outside the Milky Way Galaxy

X-ray; Optical

Neutron stars are the ultra dense cores of massive stars that collapse and undergo a supernova explosion. Spotted by a telescope of the space agency NASA, this celestial body is that of a neutron star situated near about two hundred thousand light years ahead of our planet.

Astronomers have made an incredible discovery outside of the Milky Way galaxy.

Based on data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and Very Large Telescope's Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) instrument in Chile, researchers have pieced together a new composite image of E0102. The mass of this neutron star is around 1.4 times more in comparison to our Sun.

Jocelyn Bell, a British astrophysicist discovered the first neutron star around 50 years ago.

Neutron stars are the densest object astronomers can observe directly.

In the middle of the image, there is a blue point that is, in fact, according to Chandra and MUSE readings, the neutron star, per se, which has formed about 2,000 years ago and is isolated by the wave of gas (depicted in red) and encircled, as mentioned, by the blueish blast wave.

Chandra data of E0102 suggests that the supernova remnant is dominated by a large ring-shaped structure in X-rays, associated with the blast wave of the supernova. The X-ray energy signature, or 'spectrum, ' of this source is very similar to that of the neutron stars located at the center of two other famous oxygen-rich supernova remnants: Cassiopeia A (Cas A) and Puppis A. These two neutron stars also do not have companion stars. Further, NASA added, "The mission will focus especially on pulsars - those neutron stars that appear to wink on and off because their spin sweeps beams of radiation past us, like a cosmic lighthouse".

This spacecraft will feature 56 X-ray mirrors to collect more data about pulsars.

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