High quality genome sequence will revolutionize wheat crops Read more

IMAGE Wheat harvest  view more  Credit Edwin Remsberg Remsberg Inc

The wheat research work provides a new foundation to improve production and response to disease threats, enhance wheat quality, and better prepare an industry adapting to climate change.

The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC) is a detailed description of the genome of bread wheat, which is the most widely cultivated crop in the world.

The research effort involved 73 institutes in 20 countries and will allow the faster breeding and production of new wheat varieties, including those that are drought and frost tolerant.

The world population is expected to grow to 9.6 billion by the year 2050.

At MSU, Budak and colleagues in the Department of Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology recently sequenced a Montana barley cultivar, Hackett, and they're now working on sequencing a Montana winter wheat cultivar, Yellowstone.

The wheat has a large, complex genome with 16 billion base pairs or the building blocks of DNA, more than five times larger than the human genome. The article presents the reference genome of the bread wheat variety Chinese Spring. International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium, details the sequence of the plant's 21 chromosomes.

In order to preserve biodiversity, water and nutrient resources, the majority of this increase must be achieved through crop and trait improvement on now cultivated land.

An worldwide team has produced the most comprehensive genome map of wheat, which paved the way for more nutritious and climate-adapted varieties of a staple crop that feeds over one-third of the global population. They will be able to more rapidly identify genes and regulatory elements underlying complex agronomic traits such as yield, grain quality, resistance to fungal diseases and tolerance to physical stress - and produce hardier wheat varieties. "The sequence of the bread wheat genome has already had a positive effect on wheat improvement, which not only affects the science behind wheat breeding, but has a long-lasting positive outcome in regard to wheat producer productivity, profitability and, ultimately, livelihoods".

Philippa Borrill, Research Fellow at the John Innes Centre says: 'The years of work that went into decoding the wheat genome are just the beginning.

The complete sequence of the huge wheat genome is published this week, and the enormous dataset will accelerate innovation in breeding resilient and disease resistant crops to feed a growing global population. Allan Fritz, one of the authors, from Kansas State University, said.

Cristobal Uauy, Project Leader in crop genetics at the John Innes Centre says: 'Genomic knowledge of other crops has driven progress in selecting and breeding important traits.

"What that's really done is to really open up the wheat engine for us, to look at what's there and to help us to refine and develop the crop for adapting to change in the environment".

Reference: "Shifting the limits in wheat research and breeding using a fully annotated reference genome".

Related News:

Most liked

Upcoming Apple iPhones may feature Apple Pencil support and 512GB storage option
Neither report cites their exact sources, so it's not clear whether this information came from the same place. A report published earlier this week from market intelligence firm TrendForce came to the same conclusion.

Tesla Shares Tumble 9% After Worrisome Elon Musk Interview
But Tesla isn't quite normal, with the identity and success of the company tied directly to Musk's intelligence and personality. The father-of-six also rejected suggestions he had been smoking marijuana, adding: 'I was not on weed, to be clear.

House Dems lay into FCC chair over false cyberattack claims
Pai and his fellow FCC commissioners will appear before the Senate Commerce Committee on Thursday at 7 a.m. Pai said the FCC's use of data from private carriers "wasn't good enough".

Real Madrid report Inter Milan to Federation Internationale de Football Association over Luka Modric's pursuit
The first one in the firing line was Inter Milan and he placed in doubt whether the Italian club had the cash to buy Luka Modric . The Italian League said they were "surprised and bitter" at Tebas's "completely unfounded" comments.

Chelsea boss Sarri reveals Kovacic is ready to feature against Arsenal
Sarri's predecessor, Antonio Conte , complained the 27-year-old, for a player of his talents, did not score enough goals . We are talking about one of the most important players in Europe now but, in my opinion, he can improve more.

Pochettino reiterates his commitment to Tottenham Hotspur
Many speculated he was injured, but he earned the ire of manager Slavisa Jokanovic by publicly declaring himself fit. Tottenham Hotspur didn't sign any new players this summer, because the stadium renovation processes are going on.

Newcastle United confirm DeAndre Yedlin knee injury not serious
Rafael Benitez said after Newcastle's 2-1 loss to Tottenham that Yedlin suffered a knee injury but the manager was unsure of the severity.

Safety is Maryland's focus after McNair death
Canada said he has adopted an open-door policy with players. "We're making sure that everything is taken care of". Players have not been made available by the athletic department to speak to reporters.

Alan Smith predicts where Man United will finish this season
Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho insists that "money can not buy everything" as he accuses Manchester City of lacking respect.

Colorado girls’ bodies were submerged in crude oil 4 days
The couple had previously experienced financial difficulty, but didn't show any signs of current financial stress on social media. Bella is remembered by family friends and quiet and very sweet, while Celeste was very outgoing and always up to something.

All Blacks crush Wallabies as Naholo and Barrett shine
Aussie fans were hoping this would finally be the year the Wallabies end New Zealand's stranglehold on the Bledisloe Cup. Naholo did well to get the ball back inside to Kieran Read , who gave the try-scoring pass to Aaron Smith.

Vengsarkar calls for Pant`s inclusion in 3rd Test
Wadekar scored 2,113 runs in just 37 Test matches, including a solitary century to his name. Not yet 19, Shaw has ticked all boxes, from khadoosMumbaikar to Kohli-level intent.

Rangers turn rare triple play vs. Angels not seen in 106 years
The infielder scooped up the ball and touched the bag to get out Eric Young Jr ., who was running from second base to third. According to SABR's excellent triple-play database, the last time that happened in a game was August 17, 1950* when the St.

A historical look at Newcastle United vs. Cardiff City
Like many other pundits, he sees it as a crucial match for both sides, despite it coming only a week into the season. Neil Warnock helped guide Cardiff to the Premier League after finishing runner-up in the Championship last season.

Nick Foles leaves Eagles' preseason game with shoulder strain
Lane Johnson wasn't the only one trolling the Patriots ahead of their preseason matchup Thursday night. He didn't return to the game, finishing 3 for 9 for 44 yards, with three sacks and the fumble.