High quality genome sequence will revolutionize wheat crops Read more

High quality genome sequence will revolutionize wheat crops Read more

The wheat research work provides a new foundation to improve production and response to disease threats, enhance wheat quality, and better prepare an industry adapting to climate change.

The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC) is a detailed description of the genome of bread wheat, which is the most widely cultivated crop in the world.

The research effort involved 73 institutes in 20 countries and will allow the faster breeding and production of new wheat varieties, including those that are drought and frost tolerant.

The world population is expected to grow to 9.6 billion by the year 2050.

At MSU, Budak and colleagues in the Department of Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology recently sequenced a Montana barley cultivar, Hackett, and they're now working on sequencing a Montana winter wheat cultivar, Yellowstone.

The wheat has a large, complex genome with 16 billion base pairs or the building blocks of DNA, more than five times larger than the human genome. The article presents the reference genome of the bread wheat variety Chinese Spring. International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium, details the sequence of the plant's 21 chromosomes.

In order to preserve biodiversity, water and nutrient resources, the majority of this increase must be achieved through crop and trait improvement on now cultivated land.

An worldwide team has produced the most comprehensive genome map of wheat, which paved the way for more nutritious and climate-adapted varieties of a staple crop that feeds over one-third of the global population. They will be able to more rapidly identify genes and regulatory elements underlying complex agronomic traits such as yield, grain quality, resistance to fungal diseases and tolerance to physical stress - and produce hardier wheat varieties. "The sequence of the bread wheat genome has already had a positive effect on wheat improvement, which not only affects the science behind wheat breeding, but has a long-lasting positive outcome in regard to wheat producer productivity, profitability and, ultimately, livelihoods".

Philippa Borrill, Research Fellow at the John Innes Centre says: 'The years of work that went into decoding the wheat genome are just the beginning.

The complete sequence of the huge wheat genome is published this week, and the enormous dataset will accelerate innovation in breeding resilient and disease resistant crops to feed a growing global population. Allan Fritz, one of the authors, from Kansas State University, said.

Cristobal Uauy, Project Leader in crop genetics at the John Innes Centre says: 'Genomic knowledge of other crops has driven progress in selecting and breeding important traits.

"What that's really done is to really open up the wheat engine for us, to look at what's there and to help us to refine and develop the crop for adapting to change in the environment".

Reference: "Shifting the limits in wheat research and breeding using a fully annotated reference genome".

Related News:

  • Priyanka Chopra And Nick Jonas Celebrate Engagement In Beautiful Hindu Ceremony

    Priyanka Chopra And Nick Jonas Celebrate Engagement In Beautiful Hindu Ceremony

    Nick and Priyanka are one of many couples that have gotten engaged quickly this year, alongside Ariana Grande and Justin Bieber. The ring is said to be a five-carat diamond with a price tag of around $300,000, according to The Hollywood Reporter .
    Elon Musk Tweets Reportedly Under Investigation

    Elon Musk Tweets Reportedly Under Investigation

    The serving of a subpoena indicates that the inquiry has moved onto a formal stage, which may take months to years finalize. Tesla's board of directors on Tuesday announced a special committee had been formed to study "proposals" to go private.
    A historical look at Newcastle United vs. Cardiff City

    A historical look at Newcastle United vs. Cardiff City

    Like many other pundits, he sees it as a crucial match for both sides, despite it coming only a week into the season. Neil Warnock helped guide Cardiff to the Premier League after finishing runner-up in the Championship last season.
  • Nobel Prize-winning Caribbean author VS Naipaul has died

    Nobel Prize-winning Caribbean author VS Naipaul has died

    The writer, who penned more than 30 books over his lifetime, died peacefully at his London home, his family said. Two months after Hale died, Naipaul married his second wife, Pakistani newspaper columnist Nadira Khannum Alvi.
    Maurizio Sarri admits Chelsea are not title contenders yet

    Maurizio Sarri admits Chelsea are not title contenders yet

    Speaking ahead of his first outing as Chelsea boss at Stamford Bridge, Sarri was quick to single out Kovacic for praise. Chelsea star Eden Hazard rubbed salt into the wounds of Arsenal fans following the Blues' 3-2 win at Stamford Bridge.
    House Dems lay into FCC chair over false cyberattack claims

    House Dems lay into FCC chair over false cyberattack claims

    Pai and his fellow FCC commissioners will appear before the Senate Commerce Committee on Thursday at 7 a.m. Pai said the FCC's use of data from private carriers "wasn't good enough".
  • Chelsea boss Sarri reveals Kovacic is ready to feature against Arsenal

    Sarri's predecessor, Antonio Conte , complained the 27-year-old, for a player of his talents, did not score enough goals . We are talking about one of the most important players in Europe now but, in my opinion, he can improve more.
    This is the new 2018 Mustang Cobra Jet, Ford’s factory drag racer

    This is the new 2018 Mustang Cobra Jet, Ford’s factory drag racer

    Some 50 examples of the lightweight Mustang , powered by a 335-horsepower 428-cube FE V8, were built by Ford that year. It should deliver a quarter-mile ET in the 8.0-second bracket while topping 150 miles per hour in the Cobra Jet.
    Campbell to move to Frosinone

    Campbell to move to Frosinone

    According to a report from Gianluca Di Marzio , that permanent deal may well have arrived, but from a different Italian side. Campbell is now on loan at Spanish side Real Betis , although his spell has been blighted by knee and ankle injuries.
  • New Cases Of Measles Diagnosed In Florida

    New Cases Of Measles Diagnosed In Florida

    Those who are not vaccinated but are exposed to measles should avoid public places, like school and work, for up to 21 days. In 2014, the United States experienced a record number of measles cases, with 667 cases from 27 states reported to the CDC.
    Trump accuses social media firms of discrimination against Conservatives

    Trump accuses social media firms of discrimination against Conservatives

    His comments came amid many conservatives' growing concerns that social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter had a bias against conservative content.
    Upcoming Apple iPhones may feature Apple Pencil support and 512GB storage option

    Upcoming Apple iPhones may feature Apple Pencil support and 512GB storage option

    Neither report cites their exact sources, so it's not clear whether this information came from the same place. A report published earlier this week from market intelligence firm TrendForce came to the same conclusion.

Most liked

Cincinnati Open: Lightning assists Roger Federer's double win day
Double Wimbledon victor Petra Kvitova reached the final four over Belgian Elise Mertens 7-5, 5-7, 6-3. Halep has never won a Cincinnati title, losing the final match previous year to Garbine Muguruza .

Monster Hunter Generations Ultimate demo coming to the Switch tomorrow
Three years on, United Kingdom players are getting our first chance to play an enhanced version of the game on Switch. Those looking forward to getting their hands on the game, Capcom has a nice surprise for you.

Real Madrid report Inter Milan to Federation Internationale de Football Association over Luka Modric's pursuit
The first one in the firing line was Inter Milan and he placed in doubt whether the Italian club had the cash to buy Luka Modric . The Italian League said they were "surprised and bitter" at Tebas's "completely unfounded" comments.

Apple’s New MacBook Air Rumored to Launch in September or October
Other analytics have claimed that new entry-level MacBooks will pop up in either September or October. The budget MacBook was expected to see the light of day at the end of previous year .

Diego Godin rejected Manchester United for 'personal reasons'
Godin joined Atletico in 2010 and has been a mainstay of a side who won La Liga and have twice been Champions League finalists. Atletico Madrid defender Diego Godin says he chose not to join Manchester United for personal reasons.

Arsenal star set for transfer u-turn with Napoli now in pole position
The news will come as a disappointment to Turkish side Besiktas who had also been hoping to sign Ospina. But the two clubs weren't able to agree a redemption fee for when the initial loan expired next summer.

Short sentence recommended for former Trump campaign adviser
Papadopoulos's wife, Simona Mangiante, is urging her husband to break off the plea deal and stop cooperating with Mueller. The filing recommends Papadopoulos spend at least some time incarcerated and pay a fine of almost $10,000.

Cossacks and flowers as Putin dances at Austrian minister's wedding
The Russian leader stopped in on the Austrian foreign minister's wedding where he danced with the bride as guests looked on.

Ainsley Maitland-Niles: Arsenal midfielder suffers leg fracture
Wantaway full-back Carl Jenkinson is also now absent due to injury after picking up "a significant sprain to his right ankle". It's the third loan-spell for the 20-year-old Bielik, whose time at Walsall last season was ruined by a long-term injury.

Pochettino reiterates his commitment to Tottenham Hotspur
Many speculated he was injured, but he earned the ire of manager Slavisa Jokanovic by publicly declaring himself fit. Tottenham Hotspur didn't sign any new players this summer, because the stadium renovation processes are going on.

Newcastle United confirm DeAndre Yedlin knee injury not serious
Rafael Benitez said after Newcastle's 2-1 loss to Tottenham that Yedlin suffered a knee injury but the manager was unsure of the severity.

Safety is Maryland's focus after McNair death
Canada said he has adopted an open-door policy with players. "We're making sure that everything is taken care of". Players have not been made available by the athletic department to speak to reporters.

Alan Smith predicts where Man United will finish this season
Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho insists that "money can not buy everything" as he accuses Manchester City of lacking respect.

Colorado girls’ bodies were submerged in crude oil 4 days
The couple had previously experienced financial difficulty, but didn't show any signs of current financial stress on social media. Bella is remembered by family friends and quiet and very sweet, while Celeste was very outgoing and always up to something.

Vengsarkar calls for Pant`s inclusion in 3rd Test
Wadekar scored 2,113 runs in just 37 Test matches, including a solitary century to his name. Not yet 19, Shaw has ticked all boxes, from khadoosMumbaikar to Kohli-level intent.