In the Network appeared the last work of Stephen Hawking

Black holes, it turns out, had "soft hair", a sheen of photons surrounding the hole's event horizon where light can no longer escape its gravitational pull.

Now, colleagues at the universities of Harvard and Cambridge have published the very last paper that lists Hawking as an author, which builds upon the physicist's lifelong work on these enigmatic cosmic objects. A continuation of his groundbreaking research on black holes and Hawking radiation, the new scientific paper illustrates that some of the information engulfed by black holes can be preserved. But there is one condition, if black holes have the property "limited lifecycle" and may disappear with time.

Stephen Hawking, who died earlier this year, is one of the most-respected names in modern physics. Theoretical physicists commonly refer to this as the information paradox. The English scientist was interred in Cambridge.

The study was groundbreaking revealing that even Hawking's original argument was flawed in some way and most importantly that no-hair black hole theories were unfounded. It is basic physics that tells us that no information can ever be lost.

Any object that has a temperature also has an entropy', Professor Perry wrote in an article in the Guardian.

The late physicist's final paper on black holes and the information paradox has been revealed by his colleagues. "This work summarizes the status of our long-term project of large diffeomorphisms, "soft hair" and the quantum structure of black holes", - said in the Preface, the co-authors Sasha Jaco, Malcolm Perry and Andrew Strominger.

But if everything gets sucked into a black hole, never to return, what happens to the information that these objects used to hold? "It's telling you that soft hair really is doing the right stuff", Perry went on to say. So it turned out that black holes aren't entirely "black" - they emit "Hawking radiation", consisting of photons, neutrinos, and to a lesser extent all sorts of massive particles. Perry emphasised that this "is definitely not the entire answer" but there are "slightly fewer puzzles than we had before".

He said, "It was very hard for Stephen to communicate and I was put on a loudspeaker to explain where we had got to".

And that's where this "soft hair" comes in, first proposed by Hawking in 2016: a way of explaining temperature and entropy shifts so that it fits with what we already know about how the Universe works. When I explained it, he simply produced an enormous smile. I told him we’d got somewhere. "He knew the final result", said Perry.

Related News:

  • Minnesota kids diagnosed with rare, polio-like disease

    Minnesota kids diagnosed with rare, polio-like disease

    Meade explained. "You can protect yourself and your children from poliovirus by getting vaccinated", the CDC advises. AFM is rare - fewer than 1 in a million people are affected in the US each year - and it mostly occurs in children.
    Pliskova, Sabalenka power through in Tianjin

    Pliskova, Sabalenka power through in Tianjin

    Karolina Pliskova advanced to the quarterfinals of the Tianjin Open with a comfortable win over Polona Hercog . "At the moment I'm focused on each match".

    Vissel Kobe defender suspended for one month for Andres Iniesta incident

    The friend, who was planning to watch the match, had messaged Takahashi before kick-off asking whether the midfielder would play. Takahashi's friend revealed the news on Twitter and it was picked up by various local media before he later chose to delete it.
  • 12-pound chunk of the moon is up for auction

    12-pound chunk of the moon is up for auction

    This lunar meteorite, known as (boo-ag-bah) "Buagaba" or "The Moon Puzzle", is going up for auction . An "unpaired" meteorite is more desirable to collectors and perhaps more valuable to science.
    Astronauts Escape Failing Russian Rocket

    Astronauts Escape Failing Russian Rocket

    One of the pictures showed Hague smiling and another had him sitting next to Russia's space agency chief Dmitry Rogozin . The Russian space agency also sent 70 rocket engines back to production lines in 2016 to replace broken parts.
    Germany to extradite suspect in Bulgarian journalist killing 'soon'

    Germany to extradite suspect in Bulgarian journalist killing 'soon'

    The rape and murder of a glamorous Bulgarian television presenter, while tragic, would not normally attract worldwide attention. Bulgaria's chief prosecutor, Sotir Tsatsarov, said the suspect was already wanted in connection with another rape and murder.
  • Mom horribly bruised shielding baby from softball-sized hailstones

    A mother has been left severely bruised after becoming a human shield in order to save her baby from extreme hail . During Thursday's storm, winds gusted up to 60 miles per hour, damaging buildings and crops.

    Oil prices: IEA, OPEC weigh in with forecasts

    Still, the IEA report is the latest government assessment to predict weaker demand ahead and conclude that supply is adequate. Brent crude futures edged up 13 cents to $80.39 a barrel by 0042 GMT.
    Destiny 2: Forsaken Will Include Previous Two Expansions Starting Next Week

    Destiny 2: Forsaken Will Include Previous Two Expansions Starting Next Week

    Good news for new players, a kick in the balls for everyone who was forced to buy everything separately so they could play Forsaken .
  • Boeing struggles to meet production goals for NASA’s next big rocket

    Boeing struggles to meet production goals for NASA’s next big rocket

    Delivery of the programme's first core stage has already slipped two-and-a-half years to December 2019, the report said. Even with additional funding, NASA's estimated first SLS launch in June 2020 is questionable now.
    Vietnam needs further efforts to mitigate climate change

    Vietnam needs further efforts to mitigate climate change

    Failure to do so runs the risk of more heat waves and flood-causing storms and the chances of drought in some regions. Aiming for this lower limit will have "clear benefits to people and natural ecosystems", said the IPCC.
    Fly Changi to NY  with Singapore Airlines

    Fly Changi to NY with Singapore Airlines

    Don't be! Singapore Airlines will offer business class passengers two meals, giving passengers the option as to when they eat. The aircraft is designed with higher ceilings, larger windows and an extra wide body to help reduce jetlag.


Most liked

Trump's UK Visit Used 10,000 Officers, Cost $24mln
Prior to the visit, the Police Federation had warned that it would put "unquestionable pressure" on United Kingdom police forces. Trump met with Prime Minister Theresa May and had tea with Queen Elizabeth II at Windsor Castle during the trip.

Heel injury sidelines Spurs guard White for 6-8 weeks
Bryn Forbes will now be the starting point guard, with Patty Mills getting a lot of time off the bench. The Spurs open the regular season at home against Minnesota on Wednesday.

BMW to spend $4.1bn to take control of its China venture
In 2017, BMW sold 560,000 vehicles in China, two thirds of which were manufactured in its Shenyang factories. This week BMW celebrated 15 years since it started a joint venture in China with Brilliance Automotive .

Razer launches Android version of its Raiju PS4 Gaming Controller
That means when you're sick of playing Fortnite on your phone, you can switch to your PC and still use the same controller. In addition to the Razer Phone 2 and several accessories, Razer also announced the Raiju Mobile controller .

Policy shatters hope for refugees: doctors
Rufener said that as Nauru regards attempted suicide as a crime, instead of being taken to hospital survivors are taken to jail. O'connor, for whom "there is no therapeutic solution for these patients as they will be trapped on the island".

Thomas' Tour de France trophy stolen
Armstrong made the comment as he retweeted BBC Sport's tweet about the trophy being stolen. Obviously, we hope the trophy can be recovered".

Two Tennessee men indicted after being accused of raping 9-month-old
A woman told police that she found video of the rape on a cell phone and was able to identify her daughter as the victim. In February, police say , Hayes was arrested after he admitted to molesting the 9-month-old girl , according to WMC5.

Thierry Henry confirmed as new Monaco head coach
Having started my footballing career with this great club, it seems like fate that I will now begin my managerial career here too. Former Arsenal and FC Barcelona striker Thierry Henry has landed his first head coach role at one of France's biggest teams.

Matthews, Tavares score 2 each, Maple Leafs beat Stars 7-4
The top eight ranked players as of October 18th will be invited to compete in a bracket showdown during the Leafs Game Day event. In the end, though, it's about winning. "It's an exciting time for our team, but we've got to get a lot better".

India vs West Indies: Umesh Yadav Takes Career-Best Test Bowling Figures
Despite much of the top order gone, Chase didn't panic as he set about rebuilding with Holder, who matched him for strokes. The tourists made two changes with Holder replacing Keemo Paul and spinner Jomel Warrican replacing Sherman Lewis.

Eight climbers feared dead after snowstorm at base camp in Nepal
A police team was also heading toward the base camp on foot but would likely reach there on Sunday. Police official Bir Bahadur Budamagar says that a storm Friday night destroyed their camp.

Florida resident surveys 'total devastation' from Hurricane Michael
The US death toll has risen to at least 13 - including five in Virginia and four in Florida - and it's expected to climb. President Donald Trump on Thursday issued a major disaster declaration in the historic storm's wake.

The passengers are ready for the world’s longest flight
Qantas has managed to slash nearly an hour off the Perth-London flight with a record 16 hours 20minutes thanks to favorable winds. The brand-new Airbus A350-900ULR will depart from Changi Airport and land in Newark's worldwide airport in New Jersey.

How To Tell If You Were Impacted By Facebook's Latest Hack
In a way, this is good news, given that when Facebook previously said it thought as many as 50 million users had been affected. Access tokens work as digital keys, letting those who hold them log into Facebook accounts without entering a password.

Union Minister Maneka Gandhi Proposes Committee To Handle #MeToo Cases
Several women journalists have come out against M J Akbar, Minister of External Affairs, accusing him of sexual misconduct. The statement said women can report their grievances in cases related to sexual harassment through multiple mechanisms.