Nearly 800 Dietary Supplements Contained Unapproved Drug Ingredients, Study Finds

Hundreds of sex and diet pills tainted with unapproved drugs study shows

Calling this an "important public health concern", the researchers said that almost 68% of these supplements had new unapproved ingredients that were reported in the second or third warning by the FDA, "consistent with the assumption that the FDA found the product to be adulterated a couple of times". The most common hidden drug ingredient in sexual enhancement supplements is sildenafil, the active ingredient in Viagra, while the most common additive in weight loss supplements is banned weight-loss drug sibutramine, and synthetic steroid drugs for the muscle building supplements.

"The drug ingredients have the potential to cause serious adverse health effects due to misuse, overuse, or interaction with other medications, underlying health conditions, or other pharmaceuticals within the supplement", Corey Egel with the California Department of Public Health told IFLScience.

Cohen, an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, believes that "more than FDA action will be required to ensure that all adulterated supplements are effectively and swiftly removed from the market". He cited a 2014 study that he and others conducted that found 20 of 27 supplements were still adulterated with drugs and available for purchase between eight and 52 months after they were recalled by the FDA.

Dr. Pieter A. Cohen of Cambridge Health Alliance in MA said that although the FDA discovered 746 adulterated supplements, it announced voluntary recalls for fewer than half of these products. Cohen was not involved with the research. "The current study demonstrates that there are hundreds of brands of adulterated supplements that have not been recalled, but the FDA has only once used their mandatory recall authority to recall an adulterated supplement", he said. [Wishful Thinking: 6 "Magic Bullet" Cures That Don't Exist] Drugs in supplementsIn the study, researchers analyzed data from an FDA database on dietary supplements tainted with pharmaceuticals that had been identified by the agency from 2007 to 2016.

It should be noted that the findings are limited to drugs for which the FDA tested, a number and variety that is not disclosed in the study. Or the FDA may have contacted these companies, but they refused to voluntarily recall their products. According to data, the FDA sent warnings to the companies, with 28 products being named twice or thrice as adulterated products. A 2015 study found that dietary supplements are tied to 23,000 emergency room visits and 2,000 hospitalizations in the US each year.

Federal law does not require dietary supplements to be proven safe to FDA's satisfaction before they are marketed.

Fluoxetine, a prescription antidepressant from the same class of drugs as dapoxetine, which has been been associated with suicidal thinking, abnormal bleeding and seizures, was found in 17 of 317 weight-loss products.

Though the database contains five pages worth of warnings, the FDA urges on the site that this is "only a small fraction of the potentially hazardous products with hidden ingredients" and consumers should "exercise caution before using certain products".

Dr Cohen says that the FDA could claim that it's short-staffed, but 'the [testing] work is being done, it's just not being followed up'. Sibutramine for weight loss was also identified, even though it has the potential to increase blood pressure or pulse rate, especially in those with a history of heart disease or stroke. 'The FDA has to dedicate appropriate resources to getting the job done, ' Cohen said. It remains unclear how effective these supplements, such as Vitamin D, the subject of a recent study, are to an individual's long-term health.

Related News:



Most liked

Fracking Can Go Ahead In Lancashire
The high pressure forces tiny naturally occuring fissures in the rock formation to open and release natural gas which is trapped. Fracking for shale gas can begin for the first time in the United Kingdom since it was linked to causing earthquakes in 2011.

Hunter shoots and kills cyclist in French Alps
A 13-year-old boy was mistakenly shot by his grandfather with a shotgun during the first few days the hunting season last year. Accidental hunting deaths are not irregular in France, with 18 occurring in 2016.

Tianjin Open: Karolina Pliskova eases past Katie Boulter to reach semis
Bacsinszky deployed the full range of her ground strokes to reach her first WTA semi-final since the French Open past year . She will play Timea Bacsinszky in the semifinals after the Swiss upset No. 4 seed Aryna Sabalenka in two tight sets.

Watch Star Citizen's Stunning New Trailer From CitizenCon
Star Citizen has attracted much media attention since the game was first announced back in 2012, and this is not surprising. To be honest, the cast that's been assembled for "Squadron 42" could actually make a pretty decent movie .

Global Fitness Equipment Market to Surpass USD 12.50 Billion by 2021
The report emphasizes outstanding players in the global Commercial Fitness Equipment market along with their shares in the market. The report has explained as to how the industry has reached the current status by drawing attention to historical information.

C-section births rise rapidly to more than 20 percent worldwide
There is an urgent need for intervention in the medical field to reduce the use of cesarean sections, the researchers said. But in close to a quarter of nations surveyed, caesarean section use is significantly lower than average.

Marvel's 'Iron Fist' Series Canceled by Netflix After 2 Seasons
The news of Iron Fist's cancellation was reported by Deadline , which was given a joint statement by Netlix and Marvel Television. The second season was much more warmly received after switching showrunners, but apparently that wasn't enough to save it.

USA draws China FX into trade dispute as International Monetary Fund calls for resolution
Her comments came shortly after US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said he also still planned to attend the October 23-25 meeting, dubbed "Davos in the Desert".

Gold inches up as retreat of bond yields weigh on dollar
US crude oil futures dropped 0.5 percent to $74.61 a barrel and Brent crude futures eased 0.2 percent to $84.80 a barrel. The dollar dipped due to a fall in USA bond yields after touching a seven-week peak against a basket of currencies.

Trump vows 'severe punishment' if Saudis killed Jamal Khashoggi
I tell you want I don't want to do - Boeing , Lockeed, Raytheon , all those - I don't wanna hurt jobs. "There's a lot at stake". Trump isn't saying what that could be, but says he doesn't want to cut off American military sales to Saudi Arabia .

Seann Walsh's girlfriend breaks silence on comedian's romance with Strictly partner
The bookies' spokesperson said: "The odds suggest that Seann will struggle to get enough votes to be out of the bottom two". Seann, 32, who was dumped by Rebecca in a brutal tweet on Monday, has promised to carry on in Strictly .

Genius' vast library of lyrics now available on Apple Music
Moreover, the media company announced that its entire lyrics database will be available on Apple Music. Apple Music began showing song lyrics on the service following the launch of iOS 10 in June 2016.

Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple and IOTA bleed - what could be the reason?
Why are Bitcoin prices falling? Regulators and financial institutions haven't been particularly fond of virtual currencies. The IMF said the rapid growth of crypto assets would create " new vulnerabilities in the worldwide financial system".

Woman Removed From US Flight For Bringing ‘Emotional Support Squirrel’ On Board
I refuse. "You can't let people take your rights away". "I am going all the way. I'm contacting an attorney", she added.

Red Sox vs. Astros score
He understands the game. "I think he's done a good job of correcting it, but I think it would pop up from time to time". Whatever the reason, he turned in one of his worst performances of the season, when the team needed him most.