Was the Fourth Hottest Year on Record in almost 140 Years

Firefighter Jose Corona sprays water as flames from the Camp fire consume a home in Magalia California in November 2018

The NASA and NOAA reports are consistent with analyses by other governments, including the Japan Meteorological Agency and the European Union's Copernicus Climate Change Service, both of which also concluded that 2018 was the fourth-warmest year on record.

Scientists from NASA Godard Institute for Space Studies and The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have released data from 2018.

The US temperature previous year was the 14th-warmest on average, NOAA climate monitoring chief Deke Arndt said.

While last year was the fourth-warmest year on record, British meteorologists are predicting the next five years would be much hotter, maybe even record-breaking.

Gavin Schmidt, a climate scientist at NASA, says the message is clear: "The planet is warming".

Since the 1880s, the average global surface temperature has risen about 2 degrees Fahrenheit (1 degree Celsius).

That warming is driven by the amount of greenhouse gases humans have introduced into the atmosphere, particularly in the least 100 years, Schmidt said.

Everywhere in the world, the warmer temperature means extreme weather events, including stronger and more frequent hurricanes.

While 2018 was slightly cooler than the three prior years, Earth still had its fourth-warmest year since scientists began keeping records in 1880, the federal agencies said.

If you spent much time outside last summer and thought that it wasn't that hot in past years, you were right.

On Wednesday, NOAA also issued their own analysis of the economic impact of global warming.

The polar vortex event last month that saw record lows across the American Midwestern states, leading to several deaths, is a result of a weakening of the jet stream and the kind of weather event that scientists fear will become more frequent as the temperature in the Arctic continues to rise.

Record land temperatures occurred in parts of the Middle East, Europe and New Zealand. "Greenhouse gas emission reduction and climate adaptation measures should be a top global priority".

WMO also released a report on Wednesday that the globally averaged temperature in 2018 was about 0.38 degrees Celsius above the 1981 to 2010 long-term average. The damage included Hurricane Michael's $25 billion tally and $24 billion each from Hurricane Florence and the western wildfires.

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