When should men get a prostate cancer screening?

Former NAACP Pasadena Branch President Recaps Lessons Learned Ahead of Accepting Leadership Award at October Gala

In combination with the current prostate specific antigen (PSA) test, the new test could help men avoid unnecessary and invasive biopsies, over-diagnosis and over-treatment.

Pendleton's practice, which has clinics in Steamboat Springs and Summit County, diagnosed about 150 cases of prostate cancer previous year.

The PSA test now used in GP surgeries is unreliable, leading scientists to look for other methods, from MRI scans to blood tests, to more accurately diagnose them.

The new test is said to detect early cancer cells, or circulating tumor cells (CTC), that have left the original tumour in the prostate and entered the bloodstream. If the PSA level is above a threshold level, then the patient will be subjected to a tissue biopsy of the prostate gland.

"A lot of our low-grade prostate cancer patients will be placed under an active-surveillance protocol, where we do regular biopsies to be sure the cancer is not progressing", Pendleton said.

A simple blood test to spot aggressive prostate cancer could save thousands of men undergoing needless biopsies and treatment. By estimating unblemished living disease cells in the patient's blood, instead of the PSA protein which might be available in the blood for reasons other than malignancy, it possibly gives an increasingly exact test to prostate malignant growth.

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The study, published in the Journal of Urology, looked at the use of the CTC test in 98 pre-biopsy patients and 155 newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients enrolled at St Bartholomew's Hospital in London.

The fresh check is ready to name basically the most aggressive cases, which require treatment, with accuracy of greater than 90 per cent, when combined with PSA outcomes.

Additionally, the number and type of CTCs present in the blood was also indicative of the aggressiveness of the cancer. Concentrating on progressively forceful prostate disease may decrease over-treatment and superfluous biopsies for kindhearted and non-forceful conditions. There is unmistakably a requirement for better determination of patients to experience the biopsy method.

"Testing for circulating tumour cells is efficient, non-invasive and potentially accurate, and we've now demonstrated its potential to improve care".

"We don't really know what causes this disease, but studies tell us a man's age, family history and race - especially if you're African American - strongly influence a man's chances of developing prostate cancer", said Dr. Farah M. Brasfield, regional chief of oncology with Kaiser Permanente Southern California.

The simple test, which diagnosed nearly 93 percent of men with the disease correctly in a trial, could be available within three to five years.

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